The hottest position needs to be improved, and the

2022-08-16
  • Detail

Positioning needs to improve the high-quality emergency industrial system to be built

in recent years, with the development of economy, the progress of society and the improvement of public safety awareness, the demand for emergency products and services is also growing, and the emergency industry gradually shows great development potential. According to the prediction of authorities, the emergency industry market is as high as several trillion yuan. At present, it is scattered in different enterprises, and it will take time for large-scale development

recently, the national emergency management department was officially established. This major innovative measure has not only achieved a new breakthrough in the reform of China's emergency management system, but also posed new challenges to the high-quality development of China's emergency industry in the future

the emergency industry is an industry that provides special products and services for emergency prevention and emergency preparedness, monitoring and early warning, disposal and rescue. Therefore, we should fully understand the significance of developing the emergency industry in China in the new era, objectively grasp the difficulties existing in the development of the emergency industry, speed up the construction of a high-quality emergency industrial system that meets the requirements of the new era, and provide strong support for the development of the real economy, especially emerging industries

in view of the importance and particularity of the development of the emergency industry, in order to form an industrial system that adapts to the handling of prominent events and integrates with the development of manufacturing and service industries, it is suggested that the relevant departments should focus on promoting the establishment of seven major systems, including emergency industry support policies, high-quality supply, technological innovation, integrated development, application and promotion, industry management, and backbone

the industrial system with uneven development levels needs to be unified

after the release of GBF No. 63 in 2014, the development of the emergency industry has entered a new stage. The national emergency industry alliance has been established and operated, two batches of 12 national emergency industry demonstration bases have been named, the national key research and development plan for public security risk prevention and emergency technical equipment has been launched and implemented, a number of powerful enterprises have thrived, and the industry scale and innovation ability have soared

At the same time, however, as an emerging industry, the emergency industry is still in the stage of cultivation and expansion, and there are still many difficult problems, such as "the industry positioning still needs to be improved, the development level is uneven, the industrial system urgently needs to be unified, and the implementation of policies is relatively lagging behind"

the emergency industry has strong public welfare attributes, and has very high requirements for the safety, timeliness, reliability, accuracy and other performance of professional products and services in life rescue. It has the characteristics of high-end advanced technology, high integration and strong integration. At present, the attribute and positioning of the emergency industry from the national policy level are not clear, so it needs to be regarded as an important part of the national strategic emerging industry in the new era as soon as possible, and its public welfare attribute should also be emphasized to provide a basis for striving for relevant support policies

for a long time, China's emergency industry mainly relies on the development of related industries, the development status of different products varies greatly, and the industrial technology level is not high. For dual-use emergency products, the users and frequency of use are limited, the market demand is small, the enterprises are generally small, the production process is backward, "small, scattered, chaotic" phenomenon is more common, the homogenization is serious, and the reliability, stability and standardization are not high. For special emergency products, due to the lack of scientific and technological investment and stable market support, such as high-end fire engines, rescue robots, traffic rescue equipment, etc., although the technical level is relatively high, there is still a very large gap compared with the foreign advanced level, which is difficult to meet the needs of professional rescue teams. At the same time, affected by the traditional emergency management concept of "emphasizing disposal and neglecting prevention; emphasizing hardware and neglecting software; emphasizing products and neglecting services", there are many manufacturers of disposal and rescue products, while the development of monitoring and early warning, prevention and protection products lags behind, and emergency service products are more scarce. At present, in accordance with the requirements of continuously meeting the people's needs for a better life, which has become an important foundation for all medical device industries, we need to increase scientific and technological investment as soon as possible and constantly improve the level of emergency industry and service technology

the industrial system is equipped with special software for the test machine. It can complete the setting of experimental parameters and the control of working conditions according to the standards. The data collection, processing and analysis are based on the statistical location of experimental data in Xinjiang. The implementation of policies has not been improved, and the implementation of policies lags behind.

before the institutional reform, emergency management involved multiple departments. Around the field of emergency industry, there are many sub industrial categories, such as fire protection, security, safety, disaster prevention and mitigation, information security, public safety and so on. At present, some emergency industry segments continue to expand their own scope, which is easy to cause industrial chaos. We should clarify the relationship between many sub industries related to the emergency industry as soon as possible, determine the system architecture of the emergency industry, guide the healthy development of the sub industries, and avoid going it alone

at the same time, the implementation of industrial policies also lags behind. The No. 63 document issued in 2014 clearly puts forward four key directions, six main tasks and five safeguard measures for industrial development, with a total of 29 specific tasks. At present, in addition to the better implementation of the tasks undertaken by the Ministry of industry and information technology, the development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of science and technology and other departments, the policies and measures vital to industrial development, such as fiscal and tax support, technological innovation, talent training, market cultivation, international cooperation, standard system construction and so on, have not made substantive progress, giving the industry the impression of "high voice and few measures". At present, we should strengthen the supervision and implementation of Document No. 63, which has become an important basis for promoting the development of the emergency industry

establish a support policy system to improve the high-quality supply system

establish an emergency industry support policy system. Taking the emergency industry as an important part of the national strategic emerging industry, the moire fringe also moves up and down, clarifying the public welfare and basic status of the emergency industry, and strengthening the policy guidance of government support for development; For the special emergency products purchased by the government emergency management department with small market scale, unstable demand and necessity, we should formulate tax preferential policies. With reference to the tax preferential policies for military products, we can formulate tax relief policies for the sales of special emergency products and the import value-added of special equipment and parts. In 2017, the amount of imported waste paper fell by 10% year-on-year, encouraging enterprises to increase R & D investment and improve the enthusiasm of producing special products; Formulating policies such as reserve of production capacity of special emergency products and storage by enterprises can reduce the cost of government reserves, increase the efficiency of fund use, and also provide appropriate support and compensation to enterprises

improve the high-quality supply system of the emergency industry. Aim at the disposal needs of major emergencies, focus on emergency rescue and life rescue under extreme conditions, and focus on the development of ten types of symbolic emergency products, such as high-precision disaster monitoring and early warning, high reliable risk prevention and control and safety protection, special traffic emergency support, fire rescue, special emergency medical rescue, intelligent unmanned emergency rescue equipment, and advanced social security products, to achieve leadership or parallel with the international advanced level, Promote the development of the emergency industry to the middle and high end, and accelerate the formation of a series of emergency products and complete emergency solutions; Focusing on emergency management consulting, disaster prevention and refuge projects, emergency rescue services and other leading cities, the government should play a guiding role in purchasing, speed up the reform in relevant fields, focus on developing three types of symbolic emergency services, including emergency management support services, socialized emergency rescue services, and emergency professional and technical services, expand new types of emergency services, explore new models of emergency services such as franchising, and promote the socialization of emergency facility construction and operation; We should promote and improve the support policies for emergency products that are small in market size and low in economic benefits but are really needed, carry out the construction of reserve bases for the production capacity of emergency materials in key areas, promote the increase of varieties, quality improvement and brand creation in the emergency industry, promote the automation, informatization and intellectualization of the production process, and make up for the short supply of emergency products

establish a system of technological innovation, integrated development and application promotion

establish a technological innovation system for emergency industry. Deploy the innovation chain around the industrial chain, strengthen the key core technology research, and improve the innovation ability of emergency industry. Make full use of the national science and technology plan (special projects, funds, etc.) to support the science and technology of the emergency industry, implement the key special projects and key projects related to the emergency industry in the national key research and development plan, guide enterprises to increase scientific and technological investment, and master a batch of key technical equipment that has reached the international advanced level; Accelerate the engineering of emergency technologies such as fire protection, production safety, social security, traffic safety and medical rescue, and promote the application of high and new technologies such as IOT and Beidou navigation in emergency disposal and form new products, new equipment and new services

establish an integrated development system of emergency industry. The emergency industry is the most suitable and effective entry point to implement the military civilian integration strategy. Give full play to the advantages of national defense scientific and technological resources, accelerate the transfer and transformation of nuclear, aerospace, aviation, weapons and other military technologies to the emergency field, accelerate the multi-level integration of standards, technology and production, develop high-tech emergency equipment, equipment and products, and effectively promote the "military to civilian and civilian participation" of military enterprises and emergency industrial production enterprises, so as to integrate and develop in the field of national defense and public security

establish the application and promotion system of emergency industry. Study the use of finance, insurance, standards, catalogues and other means, formulate policies and measures to stimulate the emergency consumption needs of units, families and individuals, and implement the demonstration project of emergency products and services promotion; Key emergency equipment will be included in the first set of support catalogue to support the application of domestic emergency products. Improve the allocation standards of emergency facilities and equipment in mines, high-rise buildings, schools and other public places, adopt guiding allocation, demonstration allocation and subsidy allocation, and promote the simultaneous design, construction and use of emergency facilities and equipment and the main construction project

establish an industry management system to build industrial backbone

establish an emergency industry industry management system. Formulate the statistical classification catalogue of emergency industry, regularly carry out general survey, and find out the development of emergency industry. Guide the development of social organizations such as the emergency industry alliance and industry think tanks, and promote industry self-discipline; Establish an emergency industry standard system, establish an industry standardization organization, and give play to the leading role of standards in the development of emergency industry. For special emergency products with small market demand and not included in the scope of industry management, industry organizations can take the lead in formulating relevant group standards. Improve the certification system of emergency products and services, and guide the government and society to purchase products and services. Relying on the existing national and social testing resources, improve the testing ability of emergency products, and improve the emergency product certification system related to personal life safety; Strengthen the management of key industries in the emergency industry such as fire-fighting equipment, and carry out the construction of access systems for relevant emergency products and services

build a backbone system of emergency industry. Support advantageous enterprises in the emergency industry to expand the industrial chain through mergers and acquisitions, encourage large enterprises with development foundation to develop the emergency industry, cultivate leading enterprises with R & D and manufacturing, complete equipment, project implementation and operation service capabilities, and improve industrial concentration. Timely integrate advantageous resources to form the core strength of the national emergency industry; Give full play to the leading role of backbone enterprises and form an industrial pattern of mutual support and cooperation among large, medium and small enterprises. Establish a key enterprise contact system to help enterprises become bigger and stronger, and support small and medium-sized enterprises in the emergency industry to take a specialized and special new path. By the end of 2020, we will cultivate about 10 leading enterprises and about 100 backbone enterprises

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI